Most likely founded around 1084, under Vitale Falier's dogade, and dedicated to its patron saint, the church was first rebuilt in the 12th century and later in the 15th century. Between 1696 and 1700 the internal reconstruction was completed. Of great value is the main altarpiece painted by Vittore Carpaccio San Vitale on horseback and four saints who adore the Virgin with (1514). For the celebration of the saint's feast, Bonaventura Furlanetto composed, played, and directed vespers with three voices; the famous double bass player Domenico Dragonetti herein performed an amazing solo (in 1799 he played a duo with Ludwig van Beethoven). The church houses a Bazzani organ (1833) with a keyboard and 17 registers. Dario Castello (around 1630) head of the "Musichi d' Instrumenti da fiato in Venetia" lived in this Venetian parish. Tradition has it that the famous Venetian musician Baldassare Galuppi died in the church of San Vidal ( January 17th 1785), but no memorial plaque has been found.